Supporting pupils with special educational needs
At Ambleside Primary School we uphold an inclusive admissions policy which is built on a whole community approach to special needs where staff, governors, parents and support services work together as a team co-operating, collaborating, and co-ordinating in all that they do so that it produces the best possible education for all children.
What are special educational needs?
The school considers the four following areas to be areas where difficulties may occur and these categories are also defined in the SEND Code of Practice 2014.
- Difficulties with communication and interaction
- Difficulties with learning
- Difficulties with emotional and social development
- A sensory and/or physical need
How are Special Needs identified?
Pupils with special educational needs are identified as early as possible from various sources: pre-school settings, teacher assessment, parental concern, Individual Literacy assessment, National Curriculum assessments (SATs), reading tests (NFER) and previous school records/reports. It can also be identified by observations carried out by the school’s Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator or someone from the LA support services. This information then forms the basis for planning a differentiated programme to meet a recognised need.
In the identification of Special Needs school follow a Graduated response to which there are three stages
- Pupil aware – If a pupil is causing concern due to lack of progress a discussion will be held about possible causes, this will include seeking the views of the parents and an appropriate set of actions will be devised. This may include being part of an intervention group following a specifically tailored programme of work over a set period of time. This would usually involve a daily session with a Teaching assistant. After this period of intervention progress will be assessed. If it is decided that further assessment required due to lack of progress, it is at this point school will start to consider if there is an area of difficulty that comes under the four areas of Special needs.
- SEN support – If a pupil has a recognised need within one or more of the four areas outlined in the Code of Practice then an individually tailored support programme will be put in place. Parents will be made aware of what this provision will be and will also be involved in reviewing what happens next throughout the time it is in place.
- EHC plan – If a pupil has had significant amount of individualised support for a sustained period of time and there are still concerns over progress from school or from parents then a request for a statutory assessment can be made. This request requires all professionals and parents to provide information which goes towards a decision if the pupil’s needs are sufficient enough for a plan to be required. If it is then a plan is put together and once in place the pupil is able to attend a special school if that is the parent’s wishes.
If a child has Special Educational Needs, what should happen next?
As early as possible, the individual needs of all pupils is identified and the appropriate provision is made. This may include:
- Different learning materials
- Specialised equipment
- Individual or group support
- Staff development or training in alternative strategies
- Planning interventions and monitoring progress
- Seeking advice from LA support team
If any of the above is put into place then this is called SEN support. How this support is implemented is the responsibility of the school and up to the school to decide where to prioritise the support. The school follows the Local Authority ‘Local offer.’ These are documents which outline the kind of provision we will provide. There also outline the support to be put in place and which strategies are best for the pupil. The support approach will also be further defined by the SENCo, the advice of other professionals, the class teacher and the views of parents.
For further information please look at the ‘Local Offer’ section on our website.
Some of the professionals which may be sought for advice, support, materials and equipment are:
- Learning and Cognitive Service
- Communication and Interaction Service
- Education Psychological Service
- Behaviour support Service
- The School Medical Service
- Speech and Language Support Service
- Physical and Sensory Impairment Support Services
- Place 2 be
- Occupational Therapist
What happens at SEN support
A pupil who is at SEN support will receive support across the day and the week. This support will be timetabled and the support will be in place for at times of greatest need. This support maybe shared support or one to one.
At Ambleside Primary School, all children who are SEN support will have a SEN plan. A SEN plan has several targets which the child is working towards. The child is supported by teacher and their teaching assistant in achieving these. A SEN plan also outlines how much one to one support a child receives and what times of the day this happens. A SEN plan is to be reviewed at least every term. A SEN plan is to be discussed with parents and the child (if appropriate) when drawn up and at review meetings. If a child is moving from School Aware to SEN support then a SEN plan will be written and this will include new targets, new strategies and any specialist assessments from those involved.
Every half term the SEN plan will be revised by the class teacher, the TA who works with the pupil where they will review the strategies tried, the targets set and if any progress has been made. From this review, decisions will be made as to next actions. There will also be a Review meeting once a term where parents and if appropriate other professionals will be invited to discuss progress and next steps.
Who do I contact if I do not think my child’s needs are being met?
Raising a concern
The first thing you should do is raise your concern with your child’s teacher. They will discuss the concern with you and then share your concerns with the school’s Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator.
Then your child’s teacher and the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator will discuss strategies already used with child and possible alternatives.
These discussions will then be feedback to the parents at the earliest possibly moment where the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator, the child’s teacher and parents hopefully agree what interventions are needed whether it is no additional action is required, or the kind of interventions outlined for School Aware or those required for SEN support.
Should however you are unable to agree with what the school are proposing then there is a comprehensive Complaints Procedure drawn up by NCC:
- You may wish to consider a formal complaint to the Governing Body
- You may wish to consider a formal complaint to the L.A. who will contact the school and hold discussions with the school and look at the provision provided. From this they will decide if the provision is sufficient to the level of need.
The Co-ordination of Special Educational Needs at Ambleside Primary School
The school’s Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator Paul Shepherd.
What is a Statutory assessment or Education, Health and Care Plan?
A statutory assessment is where a written request is made by the child’s parents or the school to the LA to formally identify the child’s needs. To have a Statutory assessment the child will have a level of need which is of significant cause for concern. Statutory assessments involves the LA considering all of the evidence by working co-operatively with parents, the child’s school and as appropriate, other agencies, in deciding whether a statutory assessment is necessary.
If the LA decides that the degree of the pupil’s learning difficulty and the nature of the provision necessary to meet the child’s special educational needs are such that it requires the LA to issue a plan outlining the SEN provision then there are two main courses of action. Firstly the parents may choose to keep their child in mainstream education. The child will be supported by HLN and the plan outlines the provision to be provided. Secondly the child’s parents may wish to send their child to a Special school which specialise in children with a significant level of need.
A child cannot attend a special school without a plan and which provision whether it is mainstream or not will be discussed and decided upon at a meeting after the statement has been issued. All plans must be reviewed at least annually with the parents, the pupil, the LA the school and professionals involved.