What is EAL?
The School Census asks schools to record pupil’s ‘first’ language defined as follows:
“…If a child was exposed to more than one language (which may include English) during early development the language other than English should be recorded, irrespective of the child’s proficiency in English.” DCSF (2006). Pupil Language Data: guidance for local authorities on schools’ collection of data on pupils languages
What’s the difference between ‘first’ language and ‘home’ language?
First language is the language that the child is first introduced to by the parent.
Home language is the language that is more frequently used at home i.e Urdu, English, Polish etc.
We have found that children who’s parents/carers use English at home are able to access English within school much more proficiently.